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The importance of botellas and other plant mixtures in Dominican traditional medicine PMC

A bandage consists of plant parts that are usually heated and applied topically to the affected area; they are often combined with over-the-counter aromatic balms and/or oils. However, no detailed information exists in the published literature about the prevalence of these mixtures versus single-plant remedies in the ethnomedicinal traditions of Caribbean cultures or their migrant communities. Ososki AL, Lohr P, Reiff M, Balick MJ, Kronenberg F, Fugh-Berman A, O’Connor B. Ethnobotanical literature survey of medicinal plants in the Dominican Republic used for women’s health conditions. Traditional medicine in the Dominican Republic is a reflection of the cultural history of the island and the diverse ethnic origin of its inhabitants (Bonnelly de Calventi et al., 1985). It represents a syncretic blending of Taino indigenous, African, and European traditions that includes elements of Catholicism, African tribal practices and indigenous heritage (Babington et al., 1999). It operates with concepts such as the hot-cold classification of illnesses and plant remedies, the humoral functioning of the body, the distinction between spiritual versus physical disease etiologies and the use of plants, psalms, saints, traditional healers and midwives for maintaining health and well-being, and curing illness.

This is a traditional skill or practice that is vital to sustaining a culture and plays a key role in defining cultural identity (Brosi et al., 2007). With this app improve your Health since both juices, home remedies, fruits and medicinal plants help to heal and prevent many diseases. Low bicarbonate levels are common in patients with CKD and can lead to a wide range of other problems. “A simple remedy like sodium bicarbonate , when used appropriately, can be very effective.” A Spanish language questionnaire was administered to 174 Dominicans living in New York City and 145 Dominicans living in the Dominican Republic , including lay persons (who self-medicate with plants) and specialists .

Data from lay persons (who self-medicate with medicinal plants) in New York City and the Dominican Republic . Interview data were entered into separate Microsoft Access databases for NYC agence referencement lyon optimize360 and the DR and extracted for further analysis in Microsoft Excel. This is a description of a particular herbal remedy used to treat a given health condition by an interview participant.

Other types of traditional Dominican mixtures that combine plants in formulas and recipes of varying complexities have also been reported, including teas, bebedizos and aromatic baths (baños) (Avila Suero, 1988; Brendbekken, 1998; Ososki, 2004). A popular method of preparing a mixture involves boiling plant ingredients together in water (i.e. a decoction), a practice commonly referred to as making a tea . A use report was categorized under “tomar” if no further details were mentioned during interviews. Often this referred to either a tea preparation, a juice or a syrup, which leads to some degree of overlap with other categories. A syrup consists of different leafy and bulbous vegetables or other plants that are sliced and mixed together with lemon/lime juice and/or honey.

In spite of the variation in plant knowledge that exists in ethnobotanical data, we found that Dominicans’ ethnoclassification of health conditions based on the use of plant mixtures corresponds fairly well with the biomedical taxonomy of these conditions. Two limitations of the current analysis were that only plants used in mixtures were taken into account and that the analysis was limited to ten health conditions that were frequently treated with mixtures. Including single plant remedies and more health conditions is likely to yield a more comprehensive insight into the “emic” classification of health conditions. Further research has to elucidate the reasons behind the transnational and lay-versus-specialist related differences that were observed in the clustering of health conditions within the category of reproductive and genitourinary health. One of the clusters that groups labor, menstrual problems, infertility, sexually transmitted diseases and vaginal infections closely together may be related to the use of plants with the purpose to “cleanse the blood” , a concept that is popular in Dominican ethnomedicine.